The focus is on measures that support India in a socially just energy transition – through the expansion of renewable energies, safe and climate-friendly public transport, and sustainable, climate-resilient and inclusive urban development.
Commenting on this agreement, Germany’s Development Minister Svenja Schulz said, “India is a key partner for us in mastering difficult tasks that we as a global community have to face. We have now agreed how we will concretely bring our new partnership for green and sustainable development to life. To this effect, we jointly launch projects to expand renewable energies or take care of climate-friendly public transport. The difficult negotiations at the world climate conference have clearly shown that we must make concrete progress with prominent partners like India to achieve something for climate protection quickly and substantively.”
The goals of the Paris climate agreement and the global sustainability goals can only be achieved together with India, as it is one of the most populous countries on earth. As a large emerging country, India is also central to the dynamics of international negotiation processes such as the World Climate Conference. India has set itself the goal of increasing its non-fossil energy generation capacity to 500 GW by 2030, roughly tripling the amount of green electricity it uses. In addition, India wants to restore 26 million hectares of forest and achieve climate neutrality by 2070.
In May this year, German Chancellor Scholz announced a support of at least 10 billion euros by 2030 under the umbrella of the new Indo-German partnership for green and sustainable development. This was now underpinned in the government negotiations on development policy this week, with concrete agreements and projects. A large part of this will be granted as a loan from KfW Development Bank on favorable terms and will be repaid by India. All new joint ventures in India will help cut greenhouse gas emissions or help adapt to climate change. In this way, the focal points of bilateral development cooperation with India will be consistently continued and further expanded in the coming years.
The focus areas of the Indo-German Cooperation: Renewable energies and Energy Efficiency: Germany supports India in making its energy supply technically and economically efficient as well as socially and ecologically sustainable. In recent years, the Indo-German cooperation has directly and indirectly contributed to saving 100 million tons of CO2 annually. With German support, India’s generation, transmission, and storage capacities for renewable energies are being further advanced.
So far, renewable electricity has been provided for a total of 40 million people. Climate-resilient, sustainable urban development and climate-friendly mobility: In the next 15 years, the population of Indian cities will grow from 370 million to more than 510 million people. Therefore, Germany is supporting India in expanding bus and metro systems, footpaths and cycle paths and by promoting sustainable, climate-resilient and inclusive urban development.
Thanks to the cooperation, so far, 36 million people can be better protected against climate risks, 106 million people have better access to sanitation and 9.7 million people better access to bus and metro systems.; Sustainable use of natural resources: Germany supports India in the expansion of agro-ecological agriculture and the sustainable management of forest landscapes. In this way, the livelihoods of millions of people can be secured in the long term. As a result of the previous Indo-German cooperation, 100 million people are already benefiting indirectly from improved climate adaptation planning.
India is the largest parliamentary democracy in the world and will be the world’s most populous country in 2023. After China, the USA and the EU, India has the fourth highest CO2 emissions. At the same time, the per capita emissions are only a fraction of western industrialized countries. India is one of the regions most affected by climate change in the world and is home to the highest number of extremely poor people and malnourished children.
India thus plays a key role in solving global development issues. That is why Prime Minister Modi and Chancellor Scholz signed a Green and Sustainable Development Partnership on May 2, 2022, as part of the 6th Indo-German intergovernmental consultations as a new framework for bilateral cooperation with India. It is consistently aligned with the sustainability agenda of the United Nations and the Paris climate agreement.
To further strengthen India’s ambitious path in climate protection, the German government is currently negotiating a Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) between the G7 and India together with the USA. It is intended to support India in accelerating the expansion of renewable energies, improving energy efficiency and the production of green hydrogen, and creating the conditions for phasing out coal and decarbonizing its economy.